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Title: How are leadership, virtues, HRM practices, and citizenship related in organizations? testing of mediation models in the light of positive organizational studies
Authors: Demo, Gisela
Coura, Karla
Fogaça, Natasha
Costa, Ana Carolina
Scussel, Fernanda Bueno Cardoso
Montezano, Lana
metadata.dc.identifier.orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1864-0471
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7302-0403
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2078-3797
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5288-4299
Assunto:: Liderança
Virtudes organizacionais
Gestão de recursos humanos
Cidadania organizacional
Mediação - modelos
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Demo, Gisela et al. How are leadership, virtues, HRM practices, and citizenship related in organizations? testing of mediation models in the light of positive organizational studies. Sustainability, v. 14, n. 3, 1508, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031508. Disponível em: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/14/3/1508. Acesso em: 9 maio 2022.
Abstract: Studies show that Human Resource Management (HRM) practices, the role of leadership, organizational citizenship behavior, and organizational virtues influence the greater involvement of professionals at work and, consequently, the organizational performance. However, there is a lack of investigations encompassing these four variables in the same research model. Thus, the main objective of this study was to identify the relationship between leadership, organizational virtues, HRM practices, and organizational citizenship behaviors in a sample of employees of Brazilian companies. A printed questionnaire was administered to a valid sample of 659 subjects, who participated voluntarily, from public and private organizations in a Brazilian State. A total of seven hypotheses were tested using confirmatory factor analysis to assess the fit of the measurement models of the four studied variables, in addition to path analysis, using structural equation modeling to specify and estimate the mediation models. All hypotheses were confirmed, attesting to the positive predictive associations between the variables. We also confirm the partial mediation of HRM practices in the relationship between leadership and citizenship and the total mediation in the relationship between virtues and citizenship. This research advances the efforts to test more complex and unexplored structural models in which HRM practices are mediating variables, fulfilling a gap in the literature, as well as providing investigations of antecedents and consequents of the variables adopted in the research. As practical implications, the findings constitute a diagnosis for managers to understand how these relationships happen, supporting decision-making towards an increasingly effective, strategic, and humanized HRM.
Licença:: (CC BY)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031508
Appears in Collections:ADM - Artigos publicados em periódicos
TEC UnB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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