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Title: Illicit drugs, metabolites and adulterants in wastewater : monitoring community drug abuse in the brazilian Federal District during the 2014 Soccer World Cup
Authors: Sodré, Fernando Fabriz
Souza, Gustavo B.
Feitosa, Rafael S.
Pereira, Carlos Eduardo B.
Maldaner, Adriano Otávio
Assunto:: Uso de drogas
Cocaína
Copa do mundo (Futebol)
Issue Date: Nov-2017
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Citation: SODRÉ, Fernando F. et al. Illicit drugs, metabolites and adulterants in wastewater: monitoring community drug abuse in the brazilian Federal District during the 2014 Soccer World Cup. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, São Paulo, v. 28, n. 11, p. 2146-2154, nov. 2017. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-50532017001102146&lng=en&nrm=iso>. Acesso em: 1 fev. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21577/0103-5053.20170063.
Abstract: A multiresidue method was developed to estimate community drug use during two weekends of the 2014 Soccer World Cup via wastewater analyses. Five of the 16 investigated substances were detected in all eight samples. Benzoilecgonine (BE), the major cocaine metabolite, was the most abundant substance (1.9 ± 0.3 to 4.2 ± 0.2 μg L-1) followed by anhydroecgonine (AE) (1.5 ± 0.2 to 2.6 ± 0.2 μg L-1), phenacetin (PHE) (0.62 ± 0.06 to 1.3 ± 0.1 μg L-1), levamisole (LEV) (0.5 ± 0.2 to 1.23 ± 0.09 μg L-1), and cocaine (COC) (0.46 ± 0.07 to 0.8 ± 0.1 μg L-1). COC and BE levels suggested a human consumption origin for the investigated drugs. AE/BE ratios revealed a significant use of smoked crack/free base cocaine. Relationships between the adulterants PHE and LEV evidenced a higher use of crack cocaine in the South-Wing WWTP region. An estimative for cocaine use revealed slightly higher drug consumption during the Soccer World Cup weekends in comparison with a typical weekend in 2012.
Licença:: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0). Fonte: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-50532017001102146&lng=en&nrm=iso. Acesso em: 1 fev. 2018.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21577/0103-5053.20170063
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