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dc.contributor.authorCunha, Carolinapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPedrosa, Valderiza Lourençopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorDias, Luiz Carlospt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBraga, Andréapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorChrusciak-Talhari, Anettept_BR
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Mônicapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPenna, Gerson Oliveirapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorTalhari, Sinésiopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorTalhari, Carolinapt_BR
dc.identifier.citationCUNHA, Carolina et al. A historical overview of leprosy epidemiology and control activities in Amazonas, Brazil. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, Uberaba, v. 48, supl. 1, p. 55-62, jun. 2015. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 9 maio 2018. doi:
dc.publisherSociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMTpt_BR
dc.rightsAcesso Abertopt_BR
dc.titleA historical overview of leprosy epidemiology and control activities in Amazonas, Brazilpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordHanseníase - aspectos sociaispt_BR
dc.subject.keywordAmazonas (AM)pt_BR
dc.rights.licenseRevista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY NC 3.0). Fonte: Acesso em: 9 maio 2018.-
dc.description.abstract1Leprosy is an ancient infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. According to comparative genomics studies, this disease originated in Eastern Africa or the Near East and spread with successive human migrations. The Europeans and North Africans introduced leprosy into West Africa and the Americas within the past 500 years. In Brazil, this disease arrived with the colonizers who disembarked at the first colonies, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife, at the end of the sixteenth century, after which it was spread to the other states. In 1854, the first leprosy cases were identified in State of Amazonas in the north of Brazil. The increasing number of leprosy cases and the need for treatment and disease control led to the creation of places to isolate patients, known as leprosaria. One of them, Colonia Antônio Aleixo was built in Amazonas in 1956 according to the most advanced recommendations for isolation at that time and was deactivated in 1979. The history of the Alfredo da Matta Center (AMC), which was the first leprosy dispensary created in 1955, parallels the history of leprosy in the state. Over the years, the AMC has become one of the best training centers for leprosy, general dermatology and sexually transmitted diseases in Brazil. In addition to being responsible for leprosy control programs in the state, the AMC has carried out training programs on leprosy diagnosis and treatment for health professionals in Manaus and other municipalities of the state, aiming to increase the coverage of leprosy control activities. This paper provides a historical overview of leprosy in State of Amazonas, which is an endemic state in Brazil.-
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