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Title: 70º aniversário do biodiesel em 2007: evolução histórica e situação atual no brasil
70th anniversary of biodiesel in 2007: historical evolution and current situation in Brazil
Authors: Suarez, Paulo A. Z.
Meneghetti, Simoni M. Plentz
Assunto:: biodiesel
Brazilian program
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Citation: Quím. Nova,v.30,n.8,p.2068-2071,2007
Abstract: Periodically, during petroleum shortages, vegetable oils and their derivatives have been proposed as alternatives to petroleum diesel fuel. Different approaches have been proposed, including the use of pure vegetable oils (or blends) or their derivatives. Indeed, the use of fatty-acid methyl or ethyl esters (usually known as "biodiesel") produced by alcoholysis of triacylglycerides or esterification of fatty acids was initially proposed in Belgium 70 years ago, when the first world patent was deposited. Recently, foreign dependence on diesel fuel and the petroleum crisis have increased the discussion in Brazil on starting to use alternatives to diesel fuel, being biodiesel the alternative of choice for a large petroleum diesel substitution program.
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