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Title: Estudo da microbiota fúngica da conjuntiva ocular em portadores de hanseníase e seus comunicantes
Study of ocular fungal microbiota in patients with Hansen's disease and in individuals who deal with them
Authors: Santos, Procópio Miguel dos
Melo, Cinthia Mendonça de
Martins, Suy Anne Rebouças
Chaves, Adriano de Almeida
Sá, Débora Silva Pires de
Santos, Regina Cândido Ribeiro dos
Assunto:: Infecções oculares fúngicas
Conjuntiva
Hanseníase
Eye infections, fungal
Conjunctiva
Leprosy
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Citation: Arq. Bras. Oftalmol.,v.69,n.6,p.915-918,2006
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Investigar a microbiota fúngica de pacientes portadores de hanseníase residentes no hospital-colônia e seus comunicantes. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados por meio da cultura em meio de ágar-Saboraud-dextrose, o material do fórnice conjuntival, de sessenta e um pacientes portadores de hanseníase, residentes no hospital-colônia de Goiânia e 25 indivíduos que residiam ou trabalhavam com os referidos pacientes, no mínimo há cinco anos. RESULTADOS: Nos portadores de hanseníase foram isolados fungos da conjuntiva de 12 pacientes (19,67%), sendo o gênero Candida o mais isolado, e no grupo controle de 5 indivíduos (20%), em que o gênero mais isolado foi Penicillium spp. CONCLUSÃO: Candida foi o gênero predominante na flora conjuntival dos portadores de hanseníase: fato que poderia ser explicado pela imunodeficiência celular que estes pacientes apresentam, além do olho seco e uso prolongado de antibiótico.
PURPOSE: To study the conjunctival fungal flora of patients with leprosy who live in the colony hospital and of those who deal with "Hansen" patients. METHODS: Sixty-one eyes (61 patiets) with Hansen's disease and twenty-five heathy eyes (25 individuals) of individuals who deal with patients were investigated. RESULTS: Conjunctival fungi growth occurred in 19.67% and 20% of the patients and healthy individuals, respectively. There was no significant difference (p<0.05) regarding fungi percentage of fungi isolated from the conjunctiva between both groups. Candida ssp was the most frequent fungus isolated from the conjunctiva of patients with Hansen's disease, whereas Penicillium spp was the most frequent fungus isolated from the group of people who deal with these patients. CONCLUSION: The most frequent yeast isolated from conjunctival samples of leprosy patients was Candida, which could be explained by cellular immunodeficiency of these patients, associated with dry eye and the prolonged use of antibiotics.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492006000600022
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