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Title: Seasonality of the activity pattern of Callithrix penicillata (Primates, Callitrichidae) in the cerrado (scrub savanna vegetation)
Sazonalidade do padrão de atividade de Callithrix penicillata (Primates, Callitrichidae) no cerrado
Authors: Vilela, S. L.
Faria, D. S. de
Assunto:: Callithrix penicillata
behavioural pattern
climate seasons
scrub savanna vegetation
Callithrix penicillata
padrões de atividades
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Citation: Braz. J. Biol.,v.64,n.2,p.363-370,2004
Abstract: Two wild groups of Callithrix penicillata, the Black Pincelled Marmoset, were observed from January to September 1998, in two areas, one an area of dense scrub savanna vegetation (cerrado) and the other, a semidecidual woodland (cerradão), both within the boundaries of the Ecological Reserve of IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), in an environmentally protected area, the APA (Portuguese abbreviation for "environmental protected area") Gama/Cabeça-de-Veado, Brasília, DF. The behavioral data collected during the rainy (January 15 to April 15) and dry season (June 1 to September 15) were compared. Because of the proximity to the Reserve facilities, the group from the dense scrub savanna vegetation (CD) was submitted to antropic impacts different from the group in the semidecidual woodland (CE), which was using as territory an area that had been suffering from man-made fires every two years as part of a long-term experimental project on fire impacts. The behavioral data was quantified by instantaneous cross-section ("scan sampling") every ten minutes with records of locomotion, rest, foraging for insects, use of exudate, and feeding. During the whole year, the greatest percentage of time spent by CE and CD was in foraging for insects, with 44% and 39%, respectively. It was evident when comparing the data for the two seasons that, for both groups, foraging for insects was more intense during the dry season, possibly to complement the shortage of food, and locomotion increased during the rainy season. The greater the availability and distribution of fruit in the areas, the greater the locomotion of the groups to obtain these resources. None of the other behavioral patterns, including the use of exudates, presented significant differences between the two seasons. Both groups foraged more frequently during the dry season and locomoted more during the rainy one.
Foram observados dois grupos selvagens de Callithrix penicillata (mico-estrela), entre janeiro e setembro de 1998, em uma área de cerrado denso e outra de cerradão, ambas localizadas na Reserva Ecológica do IBGE, que faz parte da APA do Gama/Cabeça-de-Veado, Brasília, DF. Compararam-se dados de comportamento entre estação chuvosa (15/1 a 15/4) e estação seca (1/6 a 15/9). Em razão da proximidade com as instalações da reserva, o grupo do cerrado denso sofreu perturbações antrópicas. O grupo do cerradão habita uma área de 10 ha, a qual faz parte do Projeto Fogo e é queimada de dois em dois anos. Os comportamentos foram quantificados por amostragem instantânea (scan sampling), a cada dez minutos, registrando locomoção, descanso, forrageamento de insetos, uso de exsudato e alimentação. Durante todo o estudo, a maior parte do tempo gasto pelos dois grupos foi com forrageamento de insetos (44%-39%) e locomoção (24%-22%), sendo alimentação (8%-7%) e uso de exsudato (9%-9%) os padrões menos comuns. Ambos os grupos forragearam mais na estação seca e locomoveram-se mais na estação chuvosa. O uso de exsudato não apresentou diferença significativa entre as estações.
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