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Title: Monkey pulvinar neurons fire differentially to snake postures
Authors: Le, Quan Van
Isbell, Lynne A.
Matsumoto, Jumpei
Le, Van Quang
Hori, Etsuro
Tran, Anh Hai
Maior, Rafael Plakoudi Souto
Tomaz, Carlos Alberto Bezerra
Ono, Taketoshi
Nishijo, Hisao
Assunto:: Neurônios
Estímulos sensoriais
Issue Date: 5-Dec-2014
Publisher: Plos One
Citation: LE, Quan Van et al. Monkey pulvinar neurons fire differentially to snake postures. Plos One, v. 9, n. 12, Article e114258, 5 dez. 2014. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2017. doi:
Abstract: There is growing evidence from both behavioral and neurophysiological approaches that primates are able to rapidly discriminate visually between snakes and innocuous stimuli. Recent behavioral evidence suggests that primates are also able to discriminate the level of threat posed by snakes, by responding more intensely to a snake model poised to strike than to snake models in coiled or sinusoidal postures (Etting and Isbell 2014). In the present study, we examine the potential for an underlying neurological basis for this ability. Previous research indicated that the pulvinar is highly sensitive to snake images. We thus recorded pulvinar neurons in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) while they viewed photos of snakes in striking and non-striking postures in a delayed non-matching to sample (DNMS) task. Of 821 neurons recorded, 78 visually responsive neurons were tested with the all snake images. We found that pulvinar neurons in the medial and dorsolateral pulvinar responded more strongly to snakes in threat displays poised to strike than snakes in non-threat-displaying postures with no significant difference in response latencies. A multidimensional scaling analysis of the 78 visually responsive neurons indicated that threat-displaying and non threatdisplaying snakes were separated into two different clusters in the first epoch of 50 ms after stimulus onset, suggesting bottom-up visual information processing. These results indicate that pulvinar neurons in primates discriminate between poised to strike from those in non-threat-displaying postures. This neuronal ability likely facilitates behavioral discrimination and has clear adaptive value. Our results are thus consistent with the Snake Detection Theory, which posits that snakes were instrumental in the evolution of primate visual systems.
Licença:: Copyright: 2014 Le et al. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Fonte: <>. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2017.
Appears in Collections:CFS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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