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dc.contributor.authorAraújo, Andréa Nascimento de-
dc.contributor.authorGiugliano, Loreny Gimenes-
dc.identifier.citationARAÚJO, Andréa Nascimento de; GIUGLIANO, Loreny Gimenes. Lactoferrin and free secretory component of human milk inhibit the adhesion of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to HeLa cells. BMC Microbiology, v. 1, Article 25, 9 out. 2001. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 26 jun. 2017. doi:
dc.publisherBioMed Centralpt_BR
dc.rightsAcesso Abertopt_BR
dc.titleLactoferrin and free secretory component of human milk inhibit the adhesion of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to HeLa cellspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordDiarréia em criançaspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordEscherichia colipt_BR
dc.rights.license© 2001 de Araújo and Giugliano; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in any medium for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL. Fonte: Acesso em: 26 jun. 2017.pt_BR
dc.description.abstract1Background: Diarrhoea caused by Escherichia coli is an important cause of infant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is considered one of the major causes of diarrhoea in children living in developing countries. The ability of diarrhoeagenic strains of E. coli to adhere to and colonize the intestine is the first step towards developing the disease. EPEC strains adhere to enterocytes and HeLa cells in a characteristic pattern known as localized adherence. Many epidemiological studies of diarrhoea have shown that breast-feeding protects infants from intestinal infections. Both immunoglobulin and non-immunoglobulin elements of human milk are thought to contribute to the protection from diarrhoeal agents. Results: The effects of human milk and its protein components on the localized adherence of EPEC were investigated. Non-immunoglobulin components of human milk responsible for the inhibition of EPEC adhesion to HeLa cells were isolated by chromatographic fractionation of human whey proteins. Besides secretory immunoglobulin A, which has been previously reported to affect the adhesion of EPEC, free secretory component (fSC) and lactoferrin (Lf) were isolated. Even in concentrations lower than those usually found in whole milk, fSC and Lf were able to inhibit the adhesion of EPEC. α-lactalbumin was also isolated, but showed no activity on EPEC adhesion. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the immunoglobulin fraction, the free secretory component and lactoferrin of human milk inhibit EPEC adhesion to HeLa cells. These results indicate that fSC and Lf may be important non-specific defence factors against EPEC infections.pt_BR
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