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Title: Association of moderate coffee intake with self-reported diabetes among urban Brazilians
Authors: Machado, Liliane Maria Messias
Costa, Teresa Helena Macedo da
Silva, Eduardo Freitas da
Dórea, José Garrofe
Assunto:: Café
Cafeína - efeito fisiológico
Diabetes - aspectos nutricionais
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: MACHADO, Liliane M. M. et al. Association of moderate coffee intake with self-reported diabetes among urban Brazilians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, v. 8, n. 8, p. 3216-3231, 2011. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 04 jul. 2013. DOI:10.3390/ijerph8083216.
Abstract: Coffee has been associated with reductions in the risk of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCD), including diabetes mellitus. Because differences in food habits are recognizable modifying factors in the epidemiology of diabetes, we studied the association of coffee consumption with type-2 diabetes in a sample of the adult population of the Federal District, Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted by telephone interview (n = 1,440). A multivariate analysis was run controlling for socio-behavioural variables, obesity and family antecedents of NCCD. A hierarchical linear regression model and a Poisson regression were used to verify association of type-2 diabetes and coffee intake. The independent variables which remained in the final model, following the hierarchical inclusion levels, were: first level—age and marital status; second level—diabetes and dyslipidaemias in antecedents; third level—cigarette smoking, supplement intake, body mass index; and fourth level—coffee intake (£100 mL/d, 101 to 400 mL/day, and >400 mL/day). After adjusting hierarchically for the confounding variables, consumers of 100 to 400 mL of coffee/day had a 2.7% higher (p = 0.04) prevalence of not having diabetes than those who drank less than 100 mL of coffee/day. Compared to coffee intake of £100 mL/day, adults consuming >400 mL of coffee/day showed no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of diabetes. Thus, moderate coffee intake is favourably associated with self-reported type-2 diabetes in the studied population. This is the first study to show a relationship between coffee drinking and diabetes in a Brazilian population.
Licença:: All articles published by MDPI are made available under an open access license worldwide immediately. This means: everyone has free and unlimited access to the full-text of all articles published in MDPI journals, and everyone is free to re-use the published material given proper accreditation/citation of the original publication, open access publication is supported by authors' institutes or research funding agency by payment of a comparatively low Article Processing Charge (APC) for accepted articles. Fonte: Acesso em: 4 jul. 2013
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