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Título: Brazilian new patterns of an industrial, technological and foreign trade policy
Autor(es): Matias-Pereira, José
Marcelino, Gileno Fernandes
Kruglianskas, Isak
Assunto: Política industrial
Desenvolvimento tecnológico
Inovação
Mercado estrangeiro
Data de publicação: 2006
Referência: MATIAS-PEREIRA, José; MARCELINO, Gileno Fernandes; KRUGLIANSKAS, Isak. Brazilian new patterns of an industrial, technological and foreign trade policy. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, v. 1, n.3, p. 17-28, 2006.
Resumo: The objective of this paper is to deepen the discussion about the unavoidable way Brazil has to go through in order to construct a modern industrial and technological policy, based on knowledge and technological innovation, which will work as a stimulator of economic development. The different theories about this subject (SCHUMPETER, 1985; PAVITT, 1998; FREEMAN, 1995; KRUGMAN, 1995; COUTINHO & FERRAZ, 1994; MATIAS-PEREIRA & KRUGLIANSKAS, 2005), so as the principles set by the Brazilian Development Ministry (“Diretrizes de Política Industrial, Tecnológica e de Comércio Exterior”), give support in the search for defining a new model of industrial, technological policy and foreign trade for the country. The strategic role of industrial policy seems to be very evident, if it takes on its co-ordination work involving the productive agents, which are responsible for crucial decisions, such as those related to investments and/or innovation, in a context of great incertitude about the consequences of their decisions in the future. Finally, the conclusion arising from this discussion demonstrates that it is crucial for the country to define a modern industrial policy, which could be able to integrate the incentive to innovation as well as to exports, in order to serve as a tool to foster development. The paper also argues that the feasibility to this policy depends on Government’s ability in supplying agents with a favorable context towards adequate regulation, purchasing policy, availability on financing facilities and fiscal incentives.
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