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Title: A historical overview of leprosy epidemiology and control activities in Amazonas, Brazil
Authors: Cunha, Carolina
Pedrosa, Valderiza Lourenço
Dias, Luiz Carlos
Braga, Andréa
Chrusciak-Talhari, Anette
Santos, Mônica
Penna, Gerson Oliveira
Talhari, Sinésio
Talhari, Carolina
Assunto:: Epidemiologia
Hanseníase - aspectos sociais
Amazonas (AM)
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Citation: CUNHA, Carolina et al. A historical overview of leprosy epidemiology and control activities in Amazonas, Brazil. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, Uberaba, v. 48, supl. 1, p. 55-62, jun. 2015. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-86822015000800055&lng=en&nrm=iso>. Acesso em: 9 maio 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0103-2013.
Abstract: Leprosy is an ancient infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. According to comparative genomics studies, this disease originated in Eastern Africa or the Near East and spread with successive human migrations. The Europeans and North Africans introduced leprosy into West Africa and the Americas within the past 500 years. In Brazil, this disease arrived with the colonizers who disembarked at the first colonies, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife, at the end of the sixteenth century, after which it was spread to the other states. In 1854, the first leprosy cases were identified in State of Amazonas in the north of Brazil. The increasing number of leprosy cases and the need for treatment and disease control led to the creation of places to isolate patients, known as leprosaria. One of them, Colonia Antônio Aleixo was built in Amazonas in 1956 according to the most advanced recommendations for isolation at that time and was deactivated in 1979. The history of the Alfredo da Matta Center (AMC), which was the first leprosy dispensary created in 1955, parallels the history of leprosy in the state. Over the years, the AMC has become one of the best training centers for leprosy, general dermatology and sexually transmitted diseases in Brazil. In addition to being responsible for leprosy control programs in the state, the AMC has carried out training programs on leprosy diagnosis and treatment for health professionals in Manaus and other municipalities of the state, aiming to increase the coverage of leprosy control activities. This paper provides a historical overview of leprosy in State of Amazonas, which is an endemic state in Brazil.
Licença:: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY NC 3.0). Fonte: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-86822015000800055&lng=en&nrm=iso. Acesso em: 9 maio 2018.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0103-2013
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