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Title: A economia brasileira puxada pela demanda agregada
Authors: Oreiro, José Luis
Nakabashi, Luciano
Souza, Gustavo José de Guimarães e
Assunto:: economic growth
aggregate demand
real exchange rate
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Editora 34
Citation: Rev. Econ. Polit.,v.30,n.4,p.581-603,2010
Abstract: The Brazilian economy pulled by the aggregate demand. This article aims to present the demand-led growth theory and some empirical evidences for a demand-led growth regime in Brazil. First of all, we will do a brief review of the theory of demand led-growth, based in the seminal work of Kaldor (1988), for whom long-run growth is determined by the growth rate of consumption expenditures and the growth rate of exports. Based in the empirical methodology developed by Atesoglu (2002), we run some econometric tests for the hypothesis of demand-led growth for Brazilian economy. The results of such tests shown that near of 85% of GDP growth in Brazil in the period 1991-2005 is explained by variables at the demand side of the economy. Besides that, based in the methodology developed by Ledesma and Thirwall (2002), we shown that natural rate of growth for Brazilian economy is endogenous, increasing during boom times. This means that appears to be no restrictions in the supply side of the economy for a faster growth of Brazilian economy. Finally, we argue that a necessary condition for a sustained growth of Brazilian economy is the adoption of a export-led growth model. For such it is necessary to put an end on the actual over-valuation of real exchange rate.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31572010000400003
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