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Title: Enhanced D1 and D2 inhibitions induced by low-frequency trains of conditioning stimuli : differential effects on H- and TReflexes and possible mechanisms
Authors: Mezzarane, Rinaldo André
Magalhães, Fernando Henrique
Chaud, Vitor Martins
Elias, Leonardo Abdala
Kohn, André Fabio
Assunto:: Neurofisiologia
Medula espinhal
Coluna vertebral
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2015
Publisher: Plos One
Citation: MEZZARANE, Rinaldo André et al. Enhanced D1 and D2 inhibitions induced by low-frequency trains of conditioning stimuli: differential effects on H- and TReflexes and possible mechanisms. Plos One, v. 10, n. 3, Article e0121496, 25 mar. 2015. Disponível em: <http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0121496>. Acesso em: 22 jun. 2017. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121496.
Abstract: Mechanically evoked reflexes have been postulated to be less sensitive to presynaptic inhibition (PSI) than the H-reflex. This has implications on investigations of spinal cord neurophysiology that are based on the T-reflex. Preceding studies have shown an enhanced effect of PSI on the H-reflex when a train of ~10 conditioning stimuli at 1 Hz was applied to the nerve of the antagonist muscle. The main questions to be addressed in the present study are if indeed T-reflexes are less sensitive to PSI and whether (and to what extent and by what possible mechanisms) the effect of low frequency conditioning, found previously for the H-reflex, can be reproduced on T-reflexes from the soleus muscle. We explored two different conditioning-to-test (C-T) intervals: 15 and 100 ms (corresponding to D1 and D2 inhibitions, respectively). Test stimuli consisted of either electrical pulses applied to the posterior tibial nerve to elicit H-reflexes or mechanical percussion to the Achilles tendon to elicit T-reflexes. The 1 Hz train of conditioning electrical stimuli delivered to the common peroneal nerve induced a stronger effect of PSI as compared to a single conditioning pulse, for both reflexes (T and H), regardless of C-T-intervals. Moreover, the conditioning train of pulses (with respect to a single conditioning pulse) was proportionally more effective for Treflexes as compared to H-reflexes (irrespective of the C-T interval), which might be associated with the differential contingent of Ia afferents activated by mechanical and electrical test stimuli. A conceivable explanation for the enhanced PSI effect in response to a train of stimuli is the occurrence of homosynaptic depression at synapses on inhibitory interneurons interposed within the PSI pathway. The present results add to the discussion of the sensitivity of the stretch reflex pathway to PSI and its functional role.
Licença:: Copyright: © 2015 Mezzarane et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121496
Appears in Collections:FEF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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