Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.unb.br/handle/10482/22944
Título: Environmental and sanitary conditions of guanabara bay, Rio de Janeiro
Autor(es): Fistarol, Giovanna O.
Coutinho, Felipe H.
Moreira, Ana Paula B.
Venas, Tainá
Cánovas, Alba
Paula Junior, Sérgio E. M. de
Coutinho, Ricardo
Moura, Rodrigo L. de
Valentin, Jean Louis
Tenenbaum, Denise R.
Paranhos, Rodolfo
Valle, Rogério de A. B. do
Rezende, Ana Carolina P.
Amado Filho, Gilberto M.
Pereira, Renato Crespo
Kruger, Ricardo Henrique
Rezende, Carlos E.
Thompson, Cristiane C.
Salomon, Paulo S.
Thompson, Fabiano L.
Assunto: Condições ambientais
Guanabara, Baía de (RJ)
Bactérias
Água - poluição
Data de publicação: Nov-2015
Editor: Frontiers
Citação: FISTAROL, Giovana O. et al. Environmental and Sanitary Conditions of Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro. Frontiers, v. 6, Article 1232, nov. 2015. Disponível em: <http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2015.01232/full>. Acesso em: 12 dez. 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.01232.
Resumo: Guanabara Bay is the second largest bay in the coast of Brazil, with an area of 384 km2. In its surroundings live circa 16 million inhabitants, out of which 6 million live in Rio de Janeiro city, one of the largest cities of the country, and the host of the 2016 Olympic Games. Anthropogenic interference in Guanabara Bay area started early in the XVI century, but environmental impacts escalated from 1930, when this region underwent an industrialization process. Herein we present an overview of the current environmental and sanitary conditions of Guanabara Bay, a consequence of all these decades of impacts. We will focus on microbial communities, how they may affect higher trophic levels of the aquatic community and also human health. The anthropogenic impacts in the bay are flagged by heavy eutrophication and by the emergence of pathogenic microorganisms that are either carried by domestic and/or hospital waste (e.g., virus, KPC-producing bacteria, and fecal coliforms), or that proliferate in such conditions (e.g., vibrios). Antibiotic resistance genes are commonly found in metagenomes of Guanabara Bay planktonic microorganisms. Furthermore, eutrophication results in recurrent algal blooms, with signs of a shift toward flagellated, mixotrophic groups, including several potentially harmful species. A recent large-scale fish kill episode, and a long trend decrease in fish stocks also reflects the bay’s degraded water quality. Although pollution of Guanabara Bay is not a recent problem, the hosting of the 2016 Olympic Games propelled the government to launch a series of plans to restore the bay’s water quality. If all plans are fully implemented, the restoration of Guanabara Bay and its shores may be one of the best legacies of the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Licença: Frontiers - Copyright © 2015 Fistarol, Coutinho, Moreira, Venas, Cánovas, de Paula, Coutinho, de Moura, Valentin, Tenenbaum, Paranhos, do Valle, Vicente, Amado Filho, Pereira, Kruger, Rezende, Thompson, Salomon and Thompson. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Fonte: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2015.01232/full. Acesso em: 12 dez. 2016.
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