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Title: Metformin (dimethyl-biguanide) induced DNA damage in mammalian cells
Authors: Amador, Rubem Ricardo
Longo, João Paulo Figueiró
Lacava, Zulmira Guerrero Marques
Dórea, José Garrofe
Santos, Maria de Fátima Menezes Almeida
Assunto:: DNA
Cromossomos - anomalias
Cromossomos humanos - anomalias
Diabetes na gravidez
Diabetes - aspectos nutricionais
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Citation: AMADOR, Rubem R. et al. Metformin (dimethyl-biguanide) induced DNA damage in mammalian cells. Genetics and Molecular Biology, v. 35, n. 1, p. 153-158, 2012. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1415-47572012000100022&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en>. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572011005000060.
Abstract: Metformin (dimethyl-biguanide) is an insulin-sensitizing agent that lowers fasting plasma-insulin concentration, wherefore it's wide use for patients with a variety of insulin-resistant and prediabetic states, including impaired glucose tolerance. During pregnancy it is a further resource for reducing first-trimester pregnancy loss in women with the polycystic ovary syndrome. We tested metformin genotoxicity in cells of Chinese hamster ovary, CHO-K1 (chromosome aberrations; comet assays) and in mice (micronucleus assays). Concentrations of 114.4 µg/mL and 572 µg/mL were used in in vitro tests, and 95.4 mg/kg, 190.8 mg/kg and 333.9 mg/kg in assaying. Although the in vitro tests revealed no chromosome aberrations in metaphase cells, DNA damage was detected by comet assaying after 24 h of incubation at both concentrations. The frequency of DNA damage was higher at concentrations of 114.4 µg/mL. Furthermore, although mortality was not observed in in vitro tests, the highest dose of metformin suppressed bone marrow cells. However, no statistically significant differences were noted in micronuclei frequencies between treatments. In vitro results indicate that chronic metformin exposure may be potentially genotoxic. Thus, pregnant woman undergoing treatment with metformin should be properly evaluated beforehand, as regards vulnerability to DNA damage.
Licença:: Genetics and Molecular Biology - Todos os conteúdos deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons Attribution (Atribuição-Uso Não-Comercial 3.0 Não Adaptada ( CC BY-NC 3.0 )). Fonte: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1415-4757&lng=en&nrm=iso. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2013.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572011005000060
Appears in Collections:NUT - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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